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Pragati

In this project, I worked on the system design and app for keeping better track record of BMI data in Anganwadi Centres. We developed a POC as part of the initiative.

Problem Statement

Anganwadi Centers were started in 1975 as part of a Govt. initiative to tackle the issue of child malnutrition in India. These centers are responsible for monitoring child nutrition levels by primarily monitoring the BMI (Body Mass Index). However, there are a lot of issues with these centers. Primary issues being: Error prone recording tools and techniques, Fudging of data due to laziness/procrastination, Lack of supervision, Delay in interventions due to slow data processing of written records. Pragati is a system that tries to minimize errors in measurement, ensures regularity and recommends timely intervention.

Solution

The system consists of a device which has an ultrasonic sensor and a bluetooth weighing scale for BMI measurement, the data is transferred via Bluetooth Module to the App (Mobile / Tablet) with the Anganwadi health worker for verification of data, and is finally sent to the Central Server (Database) for logging in the information.This project tries to tackle the issue of BMI tracking in Anganwadi centres in India. The Anganwadi Centres serve as a pivotal institution in fighting malnutrition and ensuring children's healthcare in rural areas. The current process of measuring BMI has several loopholes: Flawed measurements, fudged records, late assessment of statistics.

Project Info

Time: 2 months

Theme: Web Application, Recommender Systems

Contribution: I was the solo designer on this project and led the end-to-end design process from ideation to implementation support

A TLDR version of the project

The system design assumes that the center will deploy this at a large scale to achieve uniformity

We propose a smart device for measuring the weight and height of the children. The record goes to an app supervised by the anganwadi worker. As a result, the measurement is recorded and stored electronically in the central database avoiding erroneous data collection and can be used to analyze several health trends and provide for early intervention.

The problem of malnutrition in India
Children

Anganwadi is a type of rural child care centre in India. They were started by the Indian government in 1975 as part of the Integrated Child Development Services program to combat child hunger and malnutrition. Anganwadi means "courtyard shelter" in Hindi. A typical Anganwadi centre provides basic health care in a village. It is a part of the Indian public health care system. Basic health care activities include contraceptive counseling and supply, nutrition education and supplementation, as well as pre-school activities. The centres may be used as depots for basic medicines and healthcare supplies. As of 31 January 2013, as many as 13.3 lakh (a lakh is 100,000) Anganwadi and mini-Anganwadi centres (AWCs/mini-AWCs) are operational out of 13.7 lakh sanctioned AWCs/mini-AWCs. These centres provide supplementary nutrition, non-formal pre-school education, nutrition and health education, immunization, health check-up and referral services of which the last three are provided in convergence with public health systems.

What is an Anganwadi Center?
Anganwadi Center

Anganwadi is a type of rural child care centre in India. They were started by the Indian government in 1975 as part of the Integrated Child Development Services program to combat child hunger and malnutrition. Anganwadi means "courtyard shelter" in Hindi.A typical Anganwadi centre provides basic health care in a village. It is a part of the Indian public health care system. Basic health care activities include contraceptive counseling and supply, nutrition education and supplementation, as well as pre-school activities. The centres may be used as depots for basic medicines and healthcare supplies. As of 31 January 2013, as many as 13.3 lakh (a lakh is 100,000) Anganwadi and mini-Anganwadi centres (AWCs/mini-AWCs) are operational out of 13.7 lakh sanctioned AWCs/mini-AWCs. These centres provide supplementary nutrition, non-formal pre-school education, nutrition and health education, immunization, health check-up and referral services of which the last three are provided in convergence with public health systems.

System Design
Flow

To be filled

Advantages

Automated reports at different levels : Anganwadi Level, Zonal Level and State Level - Easy performance monitoring of Anganwadis - Predicting patterns for malnourishment via machine learning and proactive intervention - Impact of the food provided can be correctly measured via data analysis - Integration with Aadhar Card will make the solution foolproof and help in maintaing a central record throughout lifetime